R. Reti - E. Bogolyubov; 
 New York, 1924. 










  GM Richard Reti (2650) - GM Efim Bogolyubov (2675)  
[A13]
 The (great) International Chess Tournament 
 New York City, NY; (USA) 1924.  


The game that won ... FIRST BRILLIANCY PRIZE!!!!! ... in the great New York, 
1924 International Chess Tournament.

***

Reti plays his own opening which uses the move  1.Nf3.  Of course this was revolutionary to 
the players of the time. It rubbed the fur (the wrong way) of the Classical players, but would 
not even be given any special attention if it were used today. Time marches on. 


1.Nf3 Nf6; {Diagram?} 
Black opts for a  'copy-cat'  approach. 

     [ Black could also try for the "Lasker's Defence," and play: 1...d5; {Diagram?} 
       which is the main line, according to the book,  "Modern Chess Openings." 

       A game in a later round went:  2.c4 c63.b3 Bf54.g3 Nf65.Bg2 Nbd76.Bb2 e6
       7.0-0
Bd6!?8.d3 0-09.Nbd2 e5;  "~"   Black has almost equalized, and went on to 
       win in under 50 moves. 

       GM Richard Reti - GM Emmanuel Lasker;  New York, 1924. ].  

2.c4 e6; {Diagram?} 
Black controls the center and prepares to develop his King-side. 
(There is obviously nothing wrong with this approach.) 

     [ Black could also play: 2...g6; and head for a King's Indian Defense ... except for 
        the fact that this opening had not been invented yet!! ].  

3.g3 d5; {Diagram?} 
We have reached one of the basic structures of the Reti. 
(We can also transpose to several other openings, like the Catalan.) 

4.Bg2 Bd65.0-0 0-06.b3 Re8!?7.Bb2 Nbd7; {Diagram?}
So far, things are pretty normal. 

Now Reti improves on a game he had played in a previous round of this 
same tournament. 
8.d4! c6; "=" {Diagram?} 
Black has played a perfectly reasonable opening - most computer programs evaluate this 
position as equal or completely level. (Black has difficulty developing his Queen-side, but 
this is true in many variations of the closed or QP openings, such as the Q.G.D.) 

 Bogo is probably following the game,  R. Reti - F.D. Yates;  which had been 
 played in an earlier round of this same tournament. I.e., a 'book' line. 

9.Nbd2 Ne4!?; {Diagram?} 
This is similar to what Alekhine played against Bogo in his famous brilliancy. 
(Hastings, 1922.) 

But this Knight leap - while interesting - fails to solve all of Black's problems. 

According to one writer, the best move for Black here was: 9...b6. 

     [ A lot better was: 9...b6!?; "~"  - GM John Nunn.   

       I personally like: 9...dxc4; 10.bxc4!? e5!; 11.c5 Bc7!?; 12.e3 exd4
       13.Bxd4
Nf8; "=" {Diagram?} 
       and Black has solved the problem of his poor light-squared QB. ].  

10.Nxe4 dxe411.Ne5! f5; {Diagram?} 
Black is pretty much forced to play ...f5 to protect his e-pawn. 

White now rips open the center.  
12.f3! exf313.Bxf3! Qc7!?; (Maybe dubious?) {Diagram?} 
This looks like a reasonable idea, but GM Andy Soltis condemns this move. 

     [ The computer program,  Fritz 6.0,  likes the continuation of:  13...Nxe5;  
       14.dxe5
Bc5+15.Kh1 Qg5; "<=>"  {Diagram?} when Black has good 
        counterplay. (But fails to solve the problem of his bad Queen's Bishop.) ].  

14.Nxd7! Bxd715.e4! e5!?;  {Diagram?} 
This might be the best (practical) try for Black according to GM's John Nunn and Jan Timman.

16.c5! Bf817.Qc2!! exd418.exf5! Rad8; {Diagram?} 
Black seems to be on the verge of making an adequate defense.  

19.Bh5! Re520.Bxd4! Rxf5?!; (Maybe - '?') {Diagram?} 
Black decides to re-establish material equality, perhaps thinking he would easily draw 
the resulting position of opposite-colored Bishops.

But the move is refuted by Reti in a truly grand and original fashion. 

      [ Black had to play:  20...Rd5[]21.Rad1, "+/" {Diagram?} 
         but White is still much better ... and probably winning. ].  

21.Rxf5, (Maybe - '!')  {Diagram?} 
White finds the simplest solution. 

     [ Several high-rated students have wanted to play:  21.Bf3, "~"  {D?} 
        which leads nowhere. ].  

21...Bxf522.Qxf5 Rxd423.Rf1 Rd8; {Diagram?} 
Many of my students have been unable to solve this position. 
How does White break through?

Now Reti finishes with a flourish. 
(And I am pretty sure this idea, while familiar to problem composers, had never been 
 played in a real game before!)

24.Bf7+! Kh8
25.Be8!!, {Diagram?} 
Black Resigns. (There is no defense.)

     [ 25.Be8 Rxe8; 26.Qxf8+ Rxf8; 27.Rxf8# ]

  1 - 0 


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