Karpov - Kasparov;  Linares, 1993. 

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I remember when this game was first played, magazines like 'Chess Life' and 'Inside Chess' ranted and raved (and raved) about what a brilliant game this was ... and of course they were right!

I have gotten somewhere between 50 and 100 e-mails asking me to do this game. I have actually started on it several times ... well, you know what they say, ... ... ... 
"The road to ___ is paved with good intentions." 

I recently (mid-June, 2003) got an e-mail from a fan who demanded that I  ...  "drop everything and do this game." I told him this was impossible. He told me to name  a figure, and I did. And since his check cleared the bank, it was time to get busy!

GM A. Karpov (2725)  -  GM Garry Kasparov (2805);
Super-GM TournamentRound # 10
  Linares, Spain; (ESP)  1993.  

[A.J. Goldsby I]


A game of great brilliancy.  (The understatement of the year!) 

And perhaps one of Garry's very best games. 

The annotations here are based mainly on those of GM Andrew Soltis. (He rates this as Game # 25 ...  of the whole of the 20th Century!!) 

 --->  It was also picked as the best game of Volume # 57 of the Informant.


1.d4 Nf6;  2.c4 g6;  3.Nc3 Bg7;  4.e4 d6;   
 "The King's Indian Defense."  

White chooses the Samisch set-up. [E-86?]  
(Note: Often times this lines gives White a wicked K-side attack.) 

5.f3 0-0;  6.Be3 e5;  7.Nge2 Nbd7!?;   
This looks passive - but Kasparov is hiding his intentions.  

      [  A line I like is:  7...Nc6;   8.d5 Na59.Nc1 c5;  "~which some books call: "The Samisch-Panno." ]   


8.Qd2 c6!?;  (Maybe - '!')   
This move appears to severely weaken Black on the d-file.
(But keep watching...) 

Interesting ... but it might be a little safer to castle. 

   '!' - I. Damsky.  

     [ 9.0-0-0!? ]   


At the time this game was played, Rd1 was thought to give White a very large advantage. But now Garry comes up with a MAJOR improvement! 
9...a6!N;   10.dxe5!? Nxe5!!;  {Diagram?}  
Very nice. At a level where Pawns are worth their weight in gold, Garry will sacrifice one now ...  and possibly many more later!!!

   '!' - GM Andrew Soltis.  

The whole idea is revealed. Black will gambit his d-pawn for play. 

11.b3 b5!;  12.cxb5 axb5;  13.Qxd6 Nfd7; ('!')   14.f4!?, "+/="   
This appears to be good for White, (this move is the first choice of many strong computer programs); but it also opens more lines - and weakens White's key center pawns.  
(Iakov Damsky gives it - '?') 

     [  If  14.Nd4,  then  14...Ra6!;  "~{Diagram?}  with good play.   

        Or  14.a4! bxa415.Nxa4 Rxa4!16.bxa4 Nc4;  17.Qd3 Nb2; "<=>"  - GM A. Soltis.  ]   


This is a very good move ...  and not at all obvious. (Several authors - like Damsky - give this an exclam.) 

     [ Interesting was: 14...Ng4!? ]   


Karpov plans N-d2-c4, but this plan is too slow and too passive to be really effective.  ('?' - GM Andrew Soltis.)  

Damsky spends almost two whole pages analyzing some of the various alternatives at about this point in the game.  
(To say it is complicated is almost the same thing as if you were to say: "Mount Rushmore was a small stone-cutting job!!")  

     [  Probably best is:  >/=  15.fxe5! bxc316.Nxc3 Bxe5;  17.Qxc6!,  "+/="  and White looks better. (But Black has terrific play.)  

        Not as good is:  15.Qxb4!? c5!16.Bxc5 Nxc517.Qxc5 Nd3+;  18.Rxd3 Qxd3;  "=/+"  and Black might be on top.   

        (Monday; June 9th, 2014:  I taught this game today on the Internet. The student there is almost 1700 ... 
          and he was not convinced by the above analysis, so I decided to explore things a little deeper.  
         15.Qxb4 c5; 16.Bxc5 Nxc5; 17.Qxc5 Nd3+; 18.Rxd3 Qxd3; 19.Kf2 Rd8; 20.h4 Be6;  
          21.e5 Bf8; 22.Qb5 Qxb5; 23.Nxb5 Rxa2; 24.Kg3 Rd3+; 25.Kh2 Re3; 26.Nc7 Bxb3;  "-+"  
          Analysis aided by Deep Fritz 14.)  ]   


15...Ng4;  16.Bd4 Bxd4;  17.Qxd4!?,   
This could be an error in this position, but GM Andy Soltis does not comment here.  

     [ >/= 17.Nxd4!, "+/=" 17...Re8!; "~" ]  


17...Rxa2;  18.h3 c5!;   
"Despite the elimination of Black's Bishop, White's problems on the dark squares remain."  - GM Andrew Soltis.  

This makes a strange impression says the Grand-Master. (But the alternatives could be worse.) 

     [ Or White could try: 19.Qd3!? Ba620.Qf3 Nde5!21.fxe5 Nxe5;  22.Qe3 Nd3+23.Rxd3 Qxd3; "=/+"  {Diagram?}  
        which clearly favors Black. ]   


19...Ngf6;   20.e5 Ne4;  21.h4!?,  (Maybe - '?!')  {Diagram?}  
I cannot believe that White can really think he is attacking here.  

  '?!' - GM Andrew Soltis.  

     [ >/= 21.Qe3!?; "~" ]   


21...c4!;  22.Nc1,  {See the diagram - just below.}  
It is almost comical to see the great Karpov place all of his pieces ... on the very first row.


   This is the position after White plays Nc1 - inverted diagram. (karp-kasp_lin93-pos1.jpg, 21 KB)

(1kr1qb2;p1p1n3;1p6;3P4;P1Pn1pp1;6P1;1P5r;RQBKRNN1;  Black to move.)


White appears to have saved himself ...  

     [  White is  "going downhill"  after:  22.Qe3 c3!!23.Qxe4!? c2;  24.Rc1 Nc5; "-/+"  {Diagram?}  - GM Andrew Soltis. ]    


22...c3!!;  23.Nxa2 c2; ('!')  {Diagram?}  
Reminiscent of Alekhine ... and his game versus Bogolyuboff.  

It is hard to find a good move here for White.  



     [  Or White could play:  24.Rc1 Nxe5!!;   
        A really brilliant sacrifice. 

        25.Rxc2Is this forced?  

            ( </= 25.Qe3!? Ng4!; "=/+"  ('/+') )   

        Distinctly inferior.  


            ( >/= 26.Rd2 Nxd227.Nxd2!?I don't know about this. 

                ( >/= 27.fxe5 Ne4!; "/+" )     

              27...Re8!;  "-/+"  {Diagram?}  and Black triumphs. )  


        26...Nd3+27.Bxd3? Qxd3;  "-/+"  - GM Andrew Soltis]   



24...cxd1Q+;  25.Kxd1,   
Apparently this is forced.  

     [ Or </= 25.Qxd1 Ng326.Rh3 Nxf127.Kxf1!? Nc5; "-/+" ]   


25...Ndc5!;  26.Qxd8 Rxd8+;  27.Kc2,   
Is this forced?  (GM A. Soltis definitely seems to think so.)  


     [  Black takes the cake after:  27.Kc1 Nf228.Rg1 Rd1+;  29.Kb2 Bf5!; "-/+"   with a decisive advantage.  


        Or even the continuation:  27.Ke1 Bg428.Be2 Bxe2;  29.Kxe2 Ng3+30.Kf2 Nxh1+and Black is winning. ("-/+")  ]    



27...Nf2;   "-/+"  White Resigns.  (He lost on time?) 

If White saves his Rook, then Black simply plays ...Bf5+, and then ...Nd1+; followed by mate. 

A game of chess that is truly beyond most superlatives. 

I remember when this game was first played - I went over it while working a night job. I played over the moves again and again ... 
it as if I was hoping the brilliance and the magic of these moves would rub off on me.



# 1.)  "The 100 Best,"  (The 100 Best Games of The 20th Century, Ranked.); by  GM Andrew Soltis.  ( 2000, published by McFarland Books.)
# 2.)  "Chess Brilliancy,"  (250 historic games from the masters); by  Iakov Damsky.  ( 2002, published by EVERYMAN Chess.)
# 3.)  The INFORMANT, Vol. # 57.  (Published in {former} Yugoslavia.) 

(My long version also has many notes from the magazine, 'Inside Chess.')



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  Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby I   Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby, 1994 - 2002.   
  Copyright (c)  A.J.G;  2003.   


   (All games, HTML code initially)  Generated with  ChessBase 8.0   

A. Karpov - G. Kasparov
Super-GM Tournament
Linares, Spain; (ESP)  1993.

                                                                  1.d4 Nf62.c4 g63.Nc3 Bg74.e4 d65.f3 0-06.Be3 e57.Nge2 Nbd78.Qd2 c6
                                                                  9.Rd1 a610.dxe5 Nxe511.b3 b512.cxb5 axb513.Qxd6 Nfd714.f4 b415.Nb1 Ng4
                                                                 16.Bd4 Bxd417.Qxd4 Rxa218.h3 c519.Qg1 Ngf620.e5 Ne421.h4 c422.Nc1 c3
                                                                  23.Nxa2 c224.Qd4 cxd1Q+25.Kxd1 Ndc526.Qxd8 Rxd8+27.Kc2 Nf2White Resigns. 

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I actually have annotated this game quite a few times. I started on this web page about 2 years ago,   but never finished it ... I am not even sure why. But it a great game. 

This is NOT the most in-depth version you are likely to see. If you would like a very deep analysis, I highly recommend you get a copy of one of the books I quote in the bibliography. 

I first annotated this game for my "EXCITE" page(s) ... but that server went "poof" quite a while back. 

  This page was first posted:  Friday; November 23rd, 2001.  This page was last updated on:  Monday, June 09, 2014 11:21 PM .  

 Copyright  (c)  A.J. Goldsby I 

  Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby, 1985 - 2013. 

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