This page was voted as  "Best Internet Analysis" by the  CJA  for  2005
(Once again, several people e-mailed me to tell me that they didn't even bother to enter their page ... 
 after getting a look at this one. One of the CJA judges - who asked to remain anonymous - wrote   
 to tell me that I fully deserved the award ... and that my analysis was some of the best on the 'Net.) 

Here is a game that has been ignored ... for a number of years now. Several great game anthologies, 
("The 100 Best," by GM A. Soltis; "The World's Greatest Chess Games," by GM J. Nunn, GM J. 
 Emms, and FM G. Burgess; "300 Greatest Games," {in Russian} by S. Soloviov; etc.);  have completely 
ignored this great chessic confrontation. And it isn't like this game does not have a quality pedigree. It was 
played at one of the biggest tournaments of the year; was won by the same individual who won the 
tournament, and has won an almost countless number of awards. So why has this game been passed over?   


This is a question that I cannot adequately answer ... ... ... but I felt that the time had come to rectify what I felt to 
be a totally unacceptable situation. I felt like other games should be placed on hold - this game's time had arrived. 

I started on this game - at the request of a fellow master - who is also a huge Karpov fan - in the late 1980's. 
Obviously, back then there was no Internet, he wanted me to annotate this game for his State {chess} Magazine. 

So I began filling one of my little notebooks with my thoughts, ideas and variations. (I used to have a job as a 
security guard who did nothing but sit in a guard shack most of the night.) I clearly remember working on this game, 
night-after-night, week after week. Eventually I dropped the project. I once sent in a copy of some of my work to 
the Florida Chess Magazine, but they never published it. Eventually I moved on to the analysis of other games. 

Then a few years later, I got my first PC. I transferred most of my notes to the computer ... which eventually died 
on me. (I live in Florida ... nice weather, but we also have lots of storms accompanied by lightning!!) 

Later I got another PC, and I began the process all over again. And again ... and again ... and again. There were 
many problems. Several computer crashes and failures, hard drives going ka-put, one complete failure of my 
OS, {Windows '98}; and at least two severe virus infections/worm attacks. So I kept having to repeat the work - 
for a whole host of reasons. Then about 4-5 months ago, (03/2004?);  I got a letter from a fan who offered to 
make a donation ... if I would annotate this one game. 
(In that time, I have had one complete computer failure, and at least one worm attack.)  

--->  So after MUCH work, though and preparation, I finally am doing it!! I am making it a reality. Enjoy! 

  Click  HERE  to see an explanation of the symbols that I commonly use to annotate a chess game. 


  Click  HERE    to replay this game on a js-script replay page. (NOT my site!)  

 GM Anatoly Karpov (2710) - GM Gyula Sax (2560) 
  Super-GM Event/Tournament  
  Linares, ESP;  02.1983  

[A.J. Goldsby I]

{This version was edited for publication on my websites.} 

>>  The Record Holder  <<

One of the very best chess games ever played. Its as pretty as anything Morphy, Tal, Fischer or even Garry
Kasparov ever played!!  

This game ... ... ... 

This game ... STILL HOLDS THE RECORD ... for the most points ... that were ever 
awarded to a game, any chess game ... by the panel of judges for the INFORMANT!!!!! 
(87 total points - out of a possible 90! This is truly incredible!!) 
{Karpov also holds the record for the most beautiful game prizes from the various Informant Panels.}  

The "runner-up" game - again, in the Informant competition - was more than thirty points behind this one!!!   
 (This may also be a record as well!)  

This game features a combination ... THAT IS OVER TWENTY MOVES IN LENGTH!!!! 
(To say this is not your average combination would be like those persons who call a flight over 
   the Atlantic, "a hop over the pond.")  {And perhaps yet another record.} 

Finally, this game ... ... ...
WON FIRST BRILLIANCY PRIZE  at the super GM-chess tournament of  Linares, 1983!!  

Without any further pomp and circumstance, let us examine ... ... ...   
one of {former} World Champion, GM Anatoly Karpov's best games!!!!!  


The ratings are accurate ... and are those that were assigned to this game when I downloaded it.
{Almost needless to say, it was completely UN-annotated at that time.}  

 1.e4 c5;  
It is fitting that this game - one of the most beautiful and tactical games ever played - 
 starts off as a Sicilian.  

The fighting Sicilian Defence remains popular today ... it is the first choice of many masters,    
 especially if they are faced with a ... "must-win situation."  

     [ After the move:  1...e5; {D?}   the game is also highly tactical.  
       {Speaking about averages, of course. The Ruy Lopez is 
         sometimes highly positional.} ]   


 2.Nf3 e6;  3.d4 cxd4;  4.Nxd4 Nf6;  5.Nc3 d6;   
Black plays {transposes into} one of the most solid and reliable systems known in modern 
chess opening theory  ...  "The Scheveningen Sicilian."   

     [ By playing the following moves:  
        5...Nc6!?6.Ndb5 d67.Bf4 e58.Bg5,  "+/="   {Diagram?}     
        we reach {transpose into} one of the main lines of another interesting, complex, 
        popular and often-played lines of the Sicilian  ... ... ...  "The Sveshnikov Sicilian." ]    


 6.g4!?,  (Maybe - '!')   
Somehow ... I am not even sure how this viewpoint arose ... Karpov has gained the reputation 
of a player who only uses, (or used); dull, solid and very uninspiring lines. 
   < High-class, positional chess. >   

Here, however, he plays the razor-sharp  << Keres Attack. >> 
(One of the most difficult and double-edged variations in the whole of the Sicilian opening complex.)  

The alternatives for White are Be2, f4!?, Be3!?, and the sometimes sharp Sozin Line (Bc4);  
to combat Black's hyper-solid set-up.  


     [  Probably the main line here was ... and still is ... the following very solid continuation:   
        6.Be2 Be77.0-0 Nc68.Be3 0-09.f4 a610.a4, "+/="  (space)  {Diagram?}    
        The first player is still slightly better in this position.   

        [ See MCO-14, page # 289; columns 01 through col. # 6, and all applicable notes. ]  

    *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ***   

        I found close to 1,200 games in my own database that featured this position, 
        (regardless of the move order that was used to arrive here).  

        Many strong players have used this line, it was featured seven times in the World 
        Championship Match between Garry Kasparov and GM Vishy Anand in 1995. 
        {This gala event was held in New York City, at the top of the towers of the old   
          World Trade Center.}   

        Anand defeated Bulgarian GM Veselin Topalov at Dortmund 1996 in this line, 
        one of the highest-rated decisive encounters in the whole of the database.  

        This position was featured several times at the very recent FIDE World Championships, 
        in Tripoli; Libya. (2004)  

        But the best, highest-rated, and the most recent game that I could find in the database was:   
        GM M. Adams - GM V. Kramnik;  / ICT / Corus Masters ('A' group)     
        Wijk aan Zee, NED; 2004.  (White won, 1-0, in 43 moves.)  ]  



 6...h6!?;  (hmmm)     
Black has many way of dealing with White's {seemingly} rash pawn advance, this has always been one of the most popular continuations for the second player in this particular position. 

The positive's for this move, ... (of ...h7-h6; for Black) ... is that the second player need not fear the immediate advance of White's g-Pawn. However, the negative aspect of this play is that it provides the first player with a
possible target/pawn lever ... especially if Black decides that he (or she!); would like to castle on the King-side here.  


 7.Rg1!?,  (Maybe - '!')    {See the diagram - - - just below here.}   
One of the more direct and useful ways of approaching this position for White. (I have often used the move, h2-h3 in this position. But this has never had much of a following at the master or GM-level.)  



 Karpov has chosen a wild line of the Keres Attack. (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos1.gif, 10 KB)



 More normal in this position is the sharp continuation of h2-h4. 
  {Or even the immediate sharp Pawn advance of g4-g5 here.}  


     [  By far the two moves that are the most popular ... and also used the most often, would be:   
         7.h4!?(wild!)  {Diagram?}    
         (This is the most ambitious try - Karpov has also used this particular line - at least 3 times.);   

          and also  7.g5!? (tension-h6/g5)  when White holds a slight edge  ('+/=')  in both 
          continuations. (With the most exact play!)   

         [ See MCO-14, page # 294; columns # 13 - col. # 18, and also all applicable notes as well. ]  ]   



Both sides continue their respective modes of development here.  
 7...Be7;  8.Be3 Nc6;  9.Qe2,  ('!?' maybe - '!')   {See the diagram ... just below.}    
This is OK, perhaps even good ...   

This is a somewhat different approach, the  "book"  line at that time was for the first player to play Be2.   



  One look at the position ... it is easy to see this is going to be a real roller-coaster of a ride!  (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos2.gif, 10 KB)



This would be a good spot to stop and look around. White has a little more space ... but the Queen on the e2-square, (blocking in the KB); makes something of an odd impression here.  


     [  White can also play:   

        9.Be2 a610.Qd2!?{Diagram?}  
        The most straight-forward.  

           ( Perhaps an idea is: 10.Nb3!? )   

        10...Nxd411.Qxd4 e5!?12.Qd2!? Be613.Bf3 Nd7!? 
        14.Nd5 Bg515.0-0-0 Rc816.Kb1 Bxd517.exd5 Nc5; "="    
        18.Rh1, "~"  {Diagram?}    
        Black seems to be OK in this position, but Karpov claims that ...   
        "he gained some advantage"  out of this opening.  (Really?)   
        {Black won a nice game.}   

        GM A. Karpov - GM J. Timman;  / ICT / Masters   (0-1, 51 moves.)   
        Mar del Plata, ARG; {South America}  1982.  ]   



 9...Bd7; (TN)  (Maybe - '!?')      {See the diagram - just below here.}      
Apparently this move was new to master-level practice at that time. The move makes a great deal of sense, as it is a good, solid and useful developing move ... that also allows the second player to keep most of his options open here.  



 Black chooses a defensive set-up.  (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos3.gif, 10 KB)



White is only slightly better in this position, but watch how Karpov manages to make something   
 out of almost nothing!  


     [ For the move of:   9...Nxd4!?{Diagram?}   
        - See the Informant, issue # 34; game no. # 291.  


        A sample continuation after the move, ...Nxd4; is:   

        9...Nxd410.Bxd4 e5!?11.Be3 Be612.0-0-0 Nd7{Diag?}   
        A retreat designed to avoid the dangers of g4-g5 by the first player  
        in this position.  

            ( Playable is: 12...Rc8!? )     

        Not bad, but not the only move that White has in this position.   

            ( Maybe better is:   >/=  13.Qd2!, "+/="  {Diagram?}   
               which is also good at move 14. )   

        13...a614.f4!? exf415.Bxf4 Bf616.Qe3!? Be5!;  "="   {Diagram?}   
        Black seems to be OK here.  {The game was very long and was eventually drawn.}    

        Anatoli Karpov - GM Ulf Andersson;  / ICT / Masters Section   
        Turin, Italy; 1982.  (1/2, 61 moves.)  ]    



 10.h4!?,  (Maybe - '!')    
White stakes out some space on the King-side before proceeding with the rest of his development.  

     [ Interesting ... and playable is:  10.0-0-0, "+/="  ('!?')  {Dm?}  
        also with a solid advantage for White in this position. ]   


Black now decides he lacks for space, and wisely decides to swap off a set of Knights.   
 10...Nxd4!?;  11.Bxd4 e5;  12.Be3 Bc6;  13.Qd3!,  "+/="   {See the diagram ... below.}   
This is an extremely brilliant ... and a very deep move; White plays for an optimal setting of 
his pieces.  (You could almost give this move two exclams.)  

It is also a violation of the rule ... that you should never move a piece twice in the opening 
phase of the game.   



 Black attacks the e4-square, White prepares to castle Q-side.  (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos4.gif, 09 KB)



This would be a good place for a diagram  ... 
to try to assess what is really happening in this amazing and wonderful game.  


     [ Also good for White is:   (>/=)  13.Bg2, "+/="  {Diagram?}   
        (with a very solid edge here);  and of course the simple:   
        13.f3!?, "+/="  {Diagram?}   when White {also} keeps a 
         small, but a very solid edge, here. ]   


 13...Qa5!?;  (hmmm)   {Diagram?}    
A perfectly reasonable and also a very natural move in this position. 
(Black must bring his Queen out before being able to complete his own development.)  

This is also a standard method of getting this piece into the game ...  
 in any Sicilian-type formation.  

     [ 13...Nh7!?14.g5 hxg5; 15.Nd5,  "+/="  {Diag?}  
         - GM A. Karpov  


       >/=  13...Nd7!14.0-0-0 Bxh415.Qxd6,  "+/="   {D?}  
       - LM A.J. Goldsby I  ]  


White - very naturally - castles here. 

But Black pounces, believing that his opponent has made a small error.  
 14.0-0-0,  ('!')     
You could almost give this move an exclam here. 
(I feel quite sure that Karpov had anticipated the dangers ... AND the coming combination!)  

     [ But not  </=  14.f3?,  as 14...d5!; "/+"  {Diag?}  
        is practically winning for Black. ]   


 14...Nxe4; ('!?')   (Hmmmm.)   
Black makes a combination ... that seems to win material, or at least leave the second player 
with the slightly better position.  

     [ Black can also play:  14...0-0-0!?{Diagram?} 
        in this position.  

        [ But after g4-g5, the first player achieves - and also 
          maintains - a fairly large and a significant edge. ('') ] ]   


 15.Nxe4 d5;  16.Qb3!,  '!!'   
A very brilliant move, and according to one account in a local newspaper,   
 - Black probably did not expect this particular (and) stunning reply.  

"To all appearances, Black was hoping for favourable complications -
16.Nd2, Qxa2; or 16.Qd2, Qxa2; 17.Nc3, Qa1+; obtaining for the piece an almost 
equivalent number of Pawns and also taking the initiative. Now, however, the situation   
changes and with a series of counter-sacrifices White himself forces the opponent to   
adopt the role of defender."  - GM Anatoly Karpov   
{Source = Damsky's book, page # 104.}  


     [  GM Anatoly Karpov said that Nd2! was incorrect ... 
         but his analysis of the key lines was probably faulty.   

         For example:  16.Nd2!? Qxa2!?; ('?!')  {Diagram?}   
         This could be less than best.  

            ( Probably the best for Black is the continuation:      
               >/=  16...d4!;  17.Nb3 Qxa2!;  18.Bd2!?, "+/="     
               18...Ba4!; "<=>"  with very good compensation. )    

         17.Qf5!, ''  (Maybe "+/-")  {Diagram?}    
          and White is clearly better.  (Black cannot now 
          play  ...d5-d4;  because of the reply, Bc4!)    

            ( Not as convincing is the line given by the Champ    
               in the Informant: </=  17.Nb3? a5!;  "=/+"  {D?}   
               - GM Anatoly Karpov. (35/299) )      


        White should NOT play:  </=  16.Qd2? Qxa2!{Diag?}    
        This is best.  

            ( Maybe not as accurate is:    
               </=  16...Qxd2+!?; 17.Nxd2 d4; "=/+"  {Diag?}    
               but Black is still OK.     

        17.Nc3 Qa1+18.Nb1 d4;  "/+"  {Diagram?}   
         Black is clearly better ... he has regained the piece with    
         a better game.  - GM A. Karpov  ]   


 16...dxe4;  17.Bc4 Rf8; '[]'    
Apparently, this was forced.  

(Although Sax thought for close to 20 minutes before playing this move.)   

     [  Or  </=  17...0-0!?; ('?!')  18.g5,  ''  (Maybe "+/-")  {Diag?}      
         White's attack is most intimidating.  
         (If Black plays ...h6-h5; then White plays Bxf7+, and then g6.)   

             ( </=  18.Bd2?! Qa4; "~"  ("=/+") )      

        Now (supposedly) Karpov gives the following continuation:  
        This is both silly ... and just plain bad! 

         {This move also dramatically changes the computer evaluations ...   
           FOR THE WORSE ... by many, many points here.}   

             ( The best try at a defense here is probably the move:     
                >/=  18...Qa4[];  ('!?')  {Diagram?}      
                although this will probably also lose - with best play.       

        19.Bxf7+ Rxf720.gxh6!{Diagram?}   
        This is - by far - the most accurate move. 
        (Karpov only gave the less accurate try of g5-g6 here, but this variation   
          also wins for White as well.)   

             ( </= 20.g6!? Be8; 21.Bxh6!!, "+/-" )       

         20...Bf6[]{Box.}  {Diagram?}    
         This is forced, Black must guard the g7-square again. 
         (...Kh8??;  only drops a Rook, while ...Kf8?; allows 
           White to make another Queen with h6-h7!)    

         The rest of these moves are all forced or best ... if you do not believe me, 
          check them with any strong computer program.   
          21.Rd6! Be8!?22.Rxf6 Qc723.Qe6! Rc824.c3 a5!?{Diag?}    
          Black is now lost ... it does not really matter any more ... and nothing is    
          substantially better than this move.   

          25.Rxf7 Bxf7[]{Diagram?}   
          Taking with the Queen here loses to the very simple Rxg7+.    

          26.Rxg7+ Kh827.Rxf7,  ("+/-")  {Diagram?}    
          Not only does Black lose the Queen here, {to prevent mate};     
          the box says it is a forced mate in very short order!    

          This is a big improvement over the analysis given in the Damsky   
           book for this line. (See the bottom of the first column, pg. # 104.) ]   


 18.Rd5!!,  (Really - '!!!')   {Diagram?}      
One of the most brilliant moves ever played, this is the beginning of a combination - 
as it was actually played - that is OVER 20 moves in length!!  

"In my view, the most consistent strategy for White here." - Karpov  

This is an exchange sacrifice ... but one that has no easy, simple and clear-cut way for White to  
proceed from this position. (I have tested this position for YEARS on computers ... even today,    
{2004} the best commercial programs cannot see the resolution of this combination from start 
to finish.)  

Since with best play, this game could have lasted more than 35 moves from this position ...   
and there was no way than any human could reasonably calculate all of the possibilities here ...   
I assert that this move should be awarded THREE EXCLAMS!
(And it is also one of the few times that we see Karpov playing a truly 'intuitive' sacrifice.)  


     [ Also good for White was g5.  

        For example:   18.g5!? hxg519.hxg5 g6[]{Diagram?}    
        (Karpov said that this was forced, but ...Qa4; might be a better try.)  
        20.Bd5,  "+/="  ('')  {Diagram?}  
        White retains a solid advantage.  (GM A. Karpov - Informant # 35.)  ]   


 18...Bxd5; ('!')    
Here GM Sax seems to have no choice but to accept the sacrifice here. At any rate, Black 
appears to be OK, he might have even thought he had winning chances here.  

     [ Or if  18...Qc7 then  19.Rgd1!?,  "--->"   with an attack.  (GM A. Karpov.) ]   


 19.Bxd5 Rd8;  ('!')    {See the diagram ... just below.}     
This is nice, you could almost award Black an exclam for not playing the tempting line 
that began with  ...Qb4!?;  here.  



 Black - maybe - threatens to sack back the exchange. (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos5.gif, 09 KB)



Once more, this would be a good place for a diagram. 

(Black's King is caught in the center ... but it hardly looks like an overwhelming attack for 
 White at this point.)  


     [ Black might be tempting fate with the following continuation:   
        </=  19...Qb4!?; ('?!')   20.Bxb7 Qxb321.axb3 Rb822.Bc6+ Kd8  
        23.Bxa7, "~"   ("+/=")   {Diagram?}    
        when I prefer to play White in this position. (Once the pawn mass on the 
        Q-side gets rolling, it will become obvious who is better. I defeated the 
        computer several times from this position.) ]   


 20.Bc4!,  (nice)    
"The Bishop is more valuable." (than the Rook) - GM A. Karpov   

With this amazing move - that Karpov also awarded an exclam to - White prevents any idea 
of a counter-sacrifice  ...  and keeps the pressure on.   

     [ Interesting were the positions that arise from the move:   
        20.c4!?,  "~"  ("comp?")  {Diagram?}   
        when the Bishop on d5 might be worth more than a Rook. ]   


Karpov gave Black's next move an exclam as well.  
 20...Bb4!;  (active play)   {Diagram?}     
"Black too rises to the occasion!" - GM Anatoly Karpov   

Black finds a way to make some really meaningful threats, as well as giving the 
BK (the Black King)  the valuable e7-square in many variations.  


     [  Interesting was:  (</=)  = 20...Bd6!?; ('?!') 21.Qxb7 Qc7 
         22.Qxe4, "+/="  ('')  {Diagram?}   
         but White is definitely better.  - GM Anatoly Karpov;   


        And after:   20...a6!?21.Qxb7,  "~"   {Diagram?}    
        White has too much play. ('+/=')  ]   



Now Kb1 looks like a fairly decent and reasonable try here.   
 21.c3!,  (d4-square)    
This stops Black's threats, and also begins to push the second player back. 
(MOST players and annotators do not recognize just what a fine move this pawn play really is.)   

White blocks the action of the Bishop, controls d4, and in some {later} variations, Black 
threatened ...Qe1#. With one move, White has solved all of these {potential} problems.  


     [ But definitely not:  </=  21.a3?? Bd2+;  ("/+")  {Diagram?}   
        and suddenly Black is clearly a whole lot better. ]   



 21...b5!;  (Maybe - '!!')    
Black finds a neat way to try and force White off the a2-g8 diagonal.  

He also continues to try and play his defense in a vigorous, creative and dynamic manner.  
  ('!' - GM Anatoly Karpov.)    


     [ After  21...Bd6!? then   22.g5,  "+/="  {Diagram?}  
       and White is active - and better - on both sides of the board. ('') ]   



 22.Be2!!,  (wow!)   {See the diagram - just below here.}      
According to one account in a Spanish  (chess?)  magazine, most of the players who were present 
and watching this game ... expected some other move here.  (Perhaps like Bd5 here?)  



 A really stunning move ... an exchange down, White retreats. (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos6.gif, 09 KB)



Karpov - very modestly - does not award this any mark at all ... he may have even considered 
this best, - or even forced.  {And thus it was worthy of no mark at all?}   

At any rate, one Spanish Master was asked by several spectators to appraise the position after  
White's move of B/c4-e2. His response? "Black is better," he said with a great deal of confidence.   


     [ After the following moves: 
        </=  22.Bd5! Bd623.g5!, "+/="  {Diagram?}   
        White still holds a slight edge.  (This was verified by the box.);   


       White should not play:  
        </=  22.cxb4? bxc423.Qxc4 Qd5;  "/+"  {Diagram?}   
        when Black is very clearly better. ]   


 22...Bd6;  ('!')  {Box?}     
Once again - we see that GM G. Sax continues to find the best and the most precise moves.  

     [  </=  22...Rc8?!; 23.Qd5!, ''  {A.J.G.} ]   


 23.Qd5!,  (Probably - '!!')    {See the diagram - just below.}     
White boldly paces his Queen in the center of the board.  
(GM Karpov - very modestly - only awards this move one exclam.)  

  '!' - GM A. Karpov.  



  Did White just blunder?  (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos7.gif, 09 KB)



One of my {former} Internet students, (whom I believe is rated around 1600 USCF);  asked 
 me here,  "Doesn't this just lose to ...Qxc3+!; followed by the Bishop check on a3?"  
 (Good question!!)  

There can be no doubt that Qd5 was a very brilliant move here, perhaps partly aided by training and intuition.   
(Most annotators gloss over this problem at this junction, but it is a very key point in this game.)  

     [ After the moves:  (</=)  23.g5!?{Diagram?}  
        (This is probably too slow.)  

       Black simply plays:  23...b4!;  "~"   {Diagram?}   
       when I don't think that White is really any better. ("=/+") ]   


 23...Ke7!?;  (Hmmm, hmmm.)   (Probably - '?!')   
This move is probably less than best, but it is not very easy to see from this position ...  
which remains extremely complicated.   

"Only here is a mistake made, although it is one that can be discerned under the microscope."  
  - NM Iakov Damsky  (Damsky awards this move a dubious appellation, as did Karpov in 
Informant number # 35. Several other writers - like Burgess - give this move a whole question 
mark ... but I feel that is definitely too harsh.)    

     [  Variation # 23B01.)    
        Probably best for Black was:  >/=  23...Qc7!24.Bxb5+!{Diagram?}   
        This could be the best way to proceed for White in this position.  

             ( Another alternative is:  24.g5, "+/="  {Diagram?}    
                and the Informant says that White is still better here.     
                (Maybe just unclear?) )      

        24...Ke725.Qxe4,  "~"   {Diagram?}     
        when White has (some) play ... but I see no forced win for the first player.   

        This whole line was originally the idea (and suggestion) of ...
         GM Anatoly Karpov, which he made immediately after this great 
         game was played.  


         Variation # 23B02.)    
        Karpov gave the following analysis to refute the idea of ...Qxc3+, but it still would 
        have been better to play this than what occurred in the actual game. 

        For example:  23...Qxc3+!?24.Kb1!{Diagram?}   
        This is pretty much forced.   

     ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **   

             ( Of course not:  </= 24.bxc3?,  ('??')  {Diagram?}   
                This is a bad mistake.  

                24...Ba3+;  25.Kc2 Rxd5;  "-/+"  {Diagram?}   
                when Black should win without any problems. )     

     ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** **   

        24...Qxb2+25.Kxb2 Ba3+26.Kxa3 Rxd527.Bxa7 Ke7!?;  {Diag?}   
        (This is probably inferior, or '?!')   

             ( Or perhaps better was:  >/=  27...Kd7!;  28.Be3!, "+/="  {Diagram?}     
                when White has a definite edge.  {A.J.G.} )   

        28.Be3!?,  "+/="  ('!')  {Diagram?}    
        White has a very solid edge.  - Analysis by  GM A. Karpov   

             ( But I found a large and definite improvement - with the help of several    
               different computer programs - over  Karpov's original analysis.     
               To wit:  >/=  28.Kb4!! Ra829.Bc5+ Kf630.Bxb5 Rxa2;    
                31.Bc6! Rd832.Bxe4 Rb8+33.Kc3,  ''  {Diagram?}     
                White is clearly better, if not winning outright. (New computer      
                analysis shows that the pawns all on the same side of the board,      
                do NOT offer the drawing chances that it was once thought that       
                this type of formation contained.)  - Analysis by LM A.J. Goldsby I   ]   

Now Karpov finds a move ... (which he also rightfully awarded another exclam to); that aids him greatly in the continuation of his assault. Please note that the Black Monarch, which is still trapped in the open, in the middle of the chess board ... is now further denuded.  
 24.Bc5! Bxc5[];   
Apparently, this move is forced.  (Computer analysis confirms this.)   

(Some masters - much later - tried to claim this was a mistake.)    

     [ Obviously bad is:  </=  24...Qc7?25.Qxe5+!,  "+/-"  {Diagram?}   
         and Black will lose major material on the d-file.   


        Seemingly attractive at first glance, but insufficient for Black is the 
        following continuation of:   

        </=    24...Rfe8?!25.Qxe5+! Kf826.Bxd6+ Kg827.Qxb5!,    "+/-"    {D?}      
         and White has a win on his fairly significant material edge.   
         {Black will never be able to capture the "hanging" Bishop on d6, due to his 
           own unprotected Rook that sits on the e8-square.}  


        Also not satisfactory for Black was the continuation:   

        </=  24...f6!?25.Bc4!!{Diagram?}   
        A brilliant shot foreseen by Karpov, who showed it just after the game was finished.   
         (The threat is Qe6#!)    

             (Also 25.g5!?, ''  might work.)     

        25...Rd7{Box!}  {Diagram?}     
        No real choices for Black here.   

             ( Of course not:  
                </=  25...bxc4??;  26.Bxd6+ Rxd6;       
                 27.Qxa5,  ("+/-")   winning easily.      

        26.Rd1!,  ("+/-")   {Diagram?}   
        A check ... with ANY decent program ... will reveal that White is winning easily.  
       (Analysis by Karpov in the issue of the Informant, number thirty-five.)  ]    


The next few moves appear to be completely forced (or best) for both parties.   
 25.Qxe5+ Kd7;  26.Qxc5 Qc7;  27.Qf5+,  ('!')   27...Ke7;   
Once again, this appears to be almost completely forced here.  

     [ After  ...Kc6!?;  White can quickly gain the upper hand.   

        For example:   27...Kc6!?28.Qxb5+ Kd629.Qb4+! Qc5[]30.Qxe4!, ''  {D?}   
        White is very clearly better here.  (White has 2 Pawns and a Bishop for the Rook, 
         the Black King remains in the open, and it is extremely difficult to try and organize 
         Black's remaining disjointed forces.)   

         This line of analysis also represents a fairly large improvement over what some other 
         chess writers had given here previously. ]   


White now picks off two pawns ... while maintaining a substantial array of threats. 
(The lower-rated players should notice the exact method Karpov uses, and study it 
 carefully. Of special merit is the check on f5 - which does not allow the Black King 
 to run away to the Queen-side.)   
 28.Qxe4+ Kd7;  29.Qf5+ Ke7;  30.Re1!?,   (Maybe - '!!')   {See the diagram below.}      
I like this ... Karpov targets the Black King ... and - at least, for the moment - 
ignores any further material gain.  



 White threatens a devastating discovered check.  (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos8.gif, 08 KB)



Fritz 8.0  prefers instead the very materialistic Bxb5, ''  or even the dynamic move of g4-g5!  ('')  

     [ Also very good for White was the following continuation:  (>/=)   
        "="  30.g5 Rh831.Bxb5 Kf832.g6 Qe7;  ('!?')  {Diagram?}    
        It is difficult to suggest a better move for Black in this position.   

             ( </=  32...f6?!; 33.Re1!,  ''  {Diagram?}  
                 (White is clearly much better here.)  

               Or  </= 32...Kg8?; 33.Ba4!,  ("+/-")  {D?}    
                The coming Bb3 will win. )   

        33.Rd1! Rxd1+[]34.Kxd1 Qc735.Kc2!,  ("+/-")  {Diag?}   
        Black is in an almost complete state of Zugzwang  ...  
        he probably will not ever get his KR back into {effective} play from here. ]     


 30...Rd6;  (hmmm)  
Most books give no comment here at all ... the one book that did comment simply said, "Forced."   
However, Black has a playable alternative, (...Rh8);  in order to give his King the f8-square.   

     [ After the moves:  30...Rh8!?31.Bxb5+ Kf8{Diagram?}    
       White is clearly better,  ('')  but a forced or easy win is really  
       NOT readily apparent. ]   



Now White has several playable moves here. (Bxb5+, Bc4+, and also the move, Qe5+.)   

Which one should White choose?   
I think that this is the most accurate move - Karpov does not lose his focus ... 
or forget what the target is.  

This is not the only playable move for White in this position, however.  
When I have shown this game to friends, (or taught it on the 'Net); most people choose 
the capture on b5 or Qe5, (both with check);  here.  

     [ After the following moves:  
       31.Qe5+!? Kd832.Bxb5! Kc833.Re4!,  "--->"  {Diagram?}   
       White has two healthy Pawns and an active Bishop for a Rook;  
       the much safer King; and a very strong initiative from this position. ('') ]  


This is completely forced ... as putting the Rook on e6 is suicidally insane.     

     [ </=  31...Re6??32.Bxe6 fxe6?!33.Rxe6+ Kd734.Rf6+ Kd8  
        35.Rxf8+ Ke736.Rf7+ Kd637.Qg6+ Kd538.Rxc7 b4!? 
        39.f4! bxc340.bxc3  (and now)   40...any;   41.Qc6# (Mate.) ]   


 32.Bxb5 a6;  {Box?}     
It is amazing that Black only has moves like this ... 
and cannot come up with anything that is substantially better here.  


     [ The following continuation would be very similar to the actual game.   

        To wit:  </=  32...Rf6?!; ('?')   33.Qd5+ Kc834.Re7!! Qxe7!?;  
        35.Qa8+ Kc736.Qxa7+ Kd637.Qb6+ Ke538.Qd4+ Ke6 
        39.Bc4#  {See the analysis diagram - just below.}  



 gcg_kar-sax_ad3239.jpg, 22 KB

 {Analysis Diagram} 


        A truly interesting and amazing check-mate!!  Analysis by - GM Anatoly Karpov. ]   

33.Ba4!,   '[The a4-e8 diagonal.]'   
By this excellent move, which Karpov also awarded an exclam to here in this position, 
White maintains control of a key diagonal. This line of control both restricts Black's King 
and keeps Black from activating his KR with ...Re8.  

     [ The following continuation of:  </= 33.Bd3!?, "+/="  33...Re8{Diag?}   
        is less effective than what was actually played in the game. ]    


 33...g6[];   {Box!}    {Diagram?}     
This is absolutely and completely forced, that is, as long as Black wants to continue this game.  

(One writer - in a chess magazine shortly after this game was played - suggested ...h6-h5? for 
 Black in this position ... but that is quickly and easily refuted.)  

     [ After the following moves:  </= 33...h5?34.gxh5!, "--->"  {Dg?}   
        This is probably best.   

            ( Interesting was: 34.g5!?, '' )      

        I am not sure what else Black could play at this point.   

            ( </=  34...a5?;  35.Qe5! Rg8??;  36.Qe8+!,  ("+/-")  {Diag?}       
               and mate next move. )      

        35.Re4! Re6!?{Diagram?}   
        The computer suggests this rather strange-looking move ...  
         but I was unable to find even a really playable alternative.   

            ( </= 35...f6?!;  36.Qf3, "+/-" )     

        36.Rb4! Re1+!?37.Kd2 Re638.Qf3!,  ("+/-")  {Diagram?}    
        White is winning here. ]  


Karpov - in Informant # 35 - also gave his next move an exclam.
(White had Qe5 or even Qf4!?, as well as the move played.)  

 34.Qf3! Kc8!?;  {Box?}   {See the diagram - just below.}       
Black is trying to meet the threat of Qa8+ here, but there may not be any adequate defense.  

Most - authors (and books) - make no comment here at all, a few attach the symbol to indicate that ...Kc8;
was forced for Black in this position. 

Black has a <possibly> playable alternative in ...Qc5. But as deep analysis reveals that this move also lost, I don't think it really matters which move Black chooses at this point in the struggle.  



   It is White's turn to move here, what move would you play?  (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos10.gif, 08 KB)



Now the position has become a  chess problem  ...  "White to move ... AND WIN!!"   



<< At the cost of several pawns, Black would appear to have found peace. The main "offenders" -  
      the White Queen and Bishop - have been driven back, the {Black} King will shortly become 
      comfortable at b8, and then the Rooks can then be connected. But ...  >>  - NM Iakov Damsky.  

 [ See his excellent book: "Chess Brilliancy, 250 Historic Games From the Masters,"  
    page # 105. {The first column, just under the diagram.} ]  


     [ Black could try  "Queen-to-c5"  here, in this position. 

        Viz: 34...Qc5!?35.Kb1! Qd5!?{Diagram?}     
        This is interesting, but ...  

            ( The other try was: 35...Qc4!?; {D?}  but White is still much better. ('') )    

        36.Qf4! Qd2!?37.Re3! Qd538.a3! Rb639.Re5! Qd3+!?40.Ka2! g5[]     
        41.hxg5 hxg542.Qxg5+! f643.Qg7 fxe544.Qxf8+ Kc745.Qf7+! Kb8; {D?}   
        This is forced, going to the light-square encourages more checks. And ...Kd6??; 
        drops the Queen to a skewer-check on d7.   

        46.Bb3!,  ("+/-")  {Diagram?}   
        After a long series of extremely accurate, computer-checked moves; we arrive at a position   
        where Black is completely lost. (One simple plan is to shove White's g-pawn all the way to   
        the g8-square, and promote.) ]   


Most of my friends and students usually choose the move Qe4 in this position, but that try is very 
adequately met by ...Re6.  

What move would YOU choose in this particular position???   
 35.Re7!!,  (Maybe - '!!!')    
Without question, one of the sharpest and prettiest moves ever played on the chess board.

It is also as nice, (and as shocking!); as anything the great Tal ever played. 
(I consider myself an expert on Tal. I have played over most of his games, and annotated many 
 of his best efforts for the Internet.)  

One Master (GM) - whom I refuse to name - called this play  ... ... ...   
"an obvious blow."
(But this same person has always either been jealous of Karpov's results, or mad at Karpov 
 because he was the man who 'replaced' Bobby Fischer as World Champion.)  

It is time to lay petty issues and other trivial concerns aside, and be completely objective about this move.  

I have tested literally HUNDREDS of players on this position. Many strong MASTERS do NOT find the excellent move of Re7!!! in this position!! QED  

Karpov - once more with great modesty - only awarded this move a single exclam in in the Informant.   
('!!' - NM Iakov Damsky.)  


     [ Also good for White was:   35.g5!? h5!?36.Re4!?, ""  {Diagram?}    
       with a very large advantage.  


       Another try for White was:  
       35.Re4!? Kb836.Rb4+ Rb637.Rxb6+ Qxb638.Qf4+! Kc839.Bb3!  
       39...Rd840.Bxf7 Qc641.Qc4 Qxc442.Bxc4,  ('' or "+/-")  {Diagram?}   
       With three pawns and a Bishop for the exchange, White probably has a technical 
        win here. ]   


Black to move, what do you do?   
 35...Rd1+!;  (hmmm)   
"What the ....... ???"   
(The usual response of my friends and students when I show them this move.)  

This IS an easy move to miss! (In fact, I cannot recall a single player who found Re7!!, who ever 
spotted this cute little counter-stroke. Damsky calls this move: "Clever, but insufficient.")  

This wild move - which is Black's best practical chance in the given position - looks like a real "save."  
(I define a 'save' as:  "Any unforeseen {tactical} shot by your opponent, that would allow him {or her}   
 to escape from difficulties.")  

However, Karpov has everything under control and has even correctly predicted his opponent's moves.
Anatoly now calculates the rest of this game with all the precision of a computer.   

[Most annotators do not praise this move, but the AVERAGE player does NOT readily find this play!]  


       [ After the 'obvious' capture of the Rook, Black is quickly cut to shreds.   

         For example:  </=  35...Qxe7?!36.Qa8+ Kc737.Qa7+! Kd8; ('?')  38.Qb8#   
          - Analysis by  GM A. Karpov.   
         (Black can avoid mate by dropping his Queen in this line ... but that is obviously a 
          lost game for Black.);   


         Black could also try the following continuation. (But is should also prove to be inadequate   
         for the task of trying to save the game.)   


         For example:  (>/=)  35...Qb6!?36.Qa8+ Qb837.Bd7+ Kc7 
         38.Bb5+! Kb6?{Diagram?}   
         This is really a blunder here.   

             ( After the following moves:        
                </=  38...Kc8[]; 39.Bxa6+ Rxa6; 40.Qxa6+ Kd8;  41.Qf6!,  ("+/-")  {D?}      
                Black could throw in the {proverbial} towel. )    

         39.Qxa6+ Kc5{Diagram?}   
         White has two different ways of finishing Black off here.   

         40.b4+{Diagram?)   The simplest method.    

             ( Or 40.Re5+! Rd5[];  41.b4#. )      

         40...Kd541.Bc4# ]  


36.Kxd1 Qxe7;   ('?')   
Black chooses a quick execution, in preference to a long and a very painful one. 

To be completely fair, Sax later wrote that he was very short of time here ... to check and re-check all of the different variations was probably not humanly possible.  

     [ After the moves:  
        >/=  36...Rd8+37.Rd7 Rxd7+38.Bxd7+ Qxd7+;     
        39.Kc1,  "+/-"   {Diagram?}  the Q+P ending is horribly lost.   
        - Analysis by GM A. Karpov. ]   


Now the rest of the moves are pretty much forced.  (Especially for Black!!)  
 37.Qa8+ Kc7;  38.Qa7+ Kd6;   
Otherwise he drops the lady.  

     [ Or  38...Kc839.Qxe7,  ("+/-")  {Diag?}  with an easy win for White. ]   


 39.Qb6+,  ('!')  ("+/-")   {See the diagram - just below.}    
Black Resigns.  

     [ It is an easy mate after:  39.Qb6+ Kd540.Qd4+! Ke6[]41.Bb3#!{D?}  
       An artistic finish!!!! ] 



 Black gives up, as it is mate in two. (gcg_karp-sax_lin83-pos11.gif, 08 KB)

 {Final / Analysis Diagram.} 


GM Sax did not wish to continue ... he had seen the finish, and had no desire to be mated. 
(Too bad! It would have been a sporting gesture to allow the game to end in a very pretty mate!!)  

Perhaps GM Anatoly Karpov's greatest game?  

This is - - - without question - - -  one of the finest chess games played in the last 50-100 years!! 
Karpov can place this 5-star diamond next to any of the other famous brilliancies by the great 
masters ... and not be ashamed!   


 *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ***  


I consulted many magazines, copies of articles, (etc); in preparing my notes to this game.  
(I once counted this classic contest in at least 15 different books.)  

I also consulted the following books:  
** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** ** 

# 1.)  The Chess INFORMANT  for that period, Vol. # 035.  
{Published by Sahovski Informator, out of the former Yugoslavia.)  

# 2.)  "CHESS BRILLIANCY"  ('250 Historic Games From the Masters')
by NM Iakov Damsky.  {Translated by Ken Neat.) Copyright (c) by the author, 2002.  
Published by EVERYMAN Chess, London, ENG. (Great Britain.)  
ISBN: # 1-85744-274-1  

# 3.)  "Chess Highlights of the 20th Century,"  ('The Best Chess, 1900 - 1999; in Historical Context.'); 
by FM Graham Burgess. Copyright (c) 1999.  
Published by 'Gambit' Books; of Kensington, London; ENG. (Great Britain or The United Kingdom.)  
ISBN: # 1-901983-21-8  

# 4.)  "Anatoly Karpov's Best Games,"  by GM Anatoly Karpov. (c) 1996.  
Published by Henry Holt books, of New York City, NY. (USA)
ISBN: 0-8050-4726-3  

# 5.)  "My 300 Best Games,"   by {the former} World Champion, Anatoly Karpov.
Copyright (c) 1997, Anatoly Karpov. 
Published by "Chess VIP's" and also Murad Amannazarov, Moscow, RUS. 
ISBN: # 9984-9229-0-1  


# 6.)  Although this book had NOT been published at the time I first published this analysis, it is  
available today. I recommend it, the analysis (of this game) here is better than in previous volumes. 

Of course, I am talking about "My Great Predecessors, Part V" by GM Garry Kasparov and also  
Dmitry Plisetsky. Publishers = Everyman Chess. First released and printed in 2006. (Gm. # 89) 
ISBN:  # 1-85744-404-3 

My analysis differs from theirs, however I am not going to change this page ... as it has already won  
both the "Critic's Choice" and "Chess Journalist's of America" for the best Internet Analysis of 2005. 
(If you are curious, you are just going to have to buy the book!)  Monday; July 3rd, 2006. 


   Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby I   

  Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby,  1985 - 2008.  

   Copyright A.J. Goldsby, 2009ALL rights reserved!   




   1 - 0   



    This game, (the HTML code); was initially generated with  the excellent program, ChessBase 8.0.  

gcg_karp-sax_ct.gif, 14 KB

  This is a game that I am very proud of. I first started annotating this game - with the intent of posting it as a page  
  on my website - in 2000 or 2001. Obviously I did not work on it every day, but at one time I did have my 
  calendar marked, and I tried to spend thirty minutes - to one hour - on this game at least twice a week. I also 
  had  'free'  days where I did nothing but annotate this game. I also annotated it more than once. 

  After finally getting a very in-depth annotation, (and saving it on a floppy); I decided to edit it down to a more 
  reasonable size. This phase took approximately 1-3 hours every day ... spread out over about a 3-week period. 
  Then I began the task of actually building the web page. This literally took over a year, (with interruptions). 

 This is NOT the original copy of this game ... the way that I generated it in the  ChessBase  format.  
 (Actually ... I have annotated this game MANY times ... most of these were lost in various crashes.)  

What I decided to do - good or bad - was annotate this game as deeply as I liked in CB 8.0. (This time around!) 
Then what I did was simply edit this copy down to a more reasonable size. I felt that this represented the most  
sensible solution. 

Other than one or two places ... where I went overboard, and I was also was more than a little redundant ... the 
commentary  (text)  after the moves has been left intact. As much as humanly possible, I wanted to give a  ... 
  "blow-by-blow,"  of the game. Many of my facts come from books, many magazines and newspapers that even 
the average Master probably has not seen before. I also felt that I was trying to build a case for this being a great 
game, there had to be a sufficient amount of  'chessical evidence'  for me to accomplish this. 
  (And correct an injustice as well!)  
---> And MOST importantly, I wanted the average chess player to feel like he could follow this game!!!!!! 

I took out almost the entire opening survey ... which was  EXTREMELY deep  and thorough, and replaced it with 
a "lite" version. (There were anywhere from 20-50 game fragments and game quotes ... and also dozens and dozens 
of variations and lines of analysis. There were MANY good reasons not to include this, mainly I did not want the 
'formatting stage'  of this game to take six months!!! Additionally, I did not want to go blind trying to do it!)  

I also took out many sub-notes and lines. I removed about 5-7 very long variations from the actual game analysis. 
Where the analysis remains - even if it seems a tad lengthy to you - I had a very good reason  for doing do. I have 
found serious improvements over previously printed analysis in literally over a dozen different places. 

There are not a lot of diagrams, at least not an excessive amount. But as I have provided a link for a really good 
"JAVA-Script replay page," I did not feel it was necessary to provide twenty or thirty diagrams. My games are 
NOT meant to be extremely easy to follow or study on-line. I want you to study - and also set up a chess board!! 

   Return  to my  Directions Page, or  return  to my page for the  "Games List."    

   Go (or return)  to the main (home) page of my big  Geo-Cities  web-site.

   Go (or return)  to my  GC page  on the  best chess players  of all time.

   Go (or return)  to my  GC page  on some of the  best chess games  that were ever played.

   Check out  some more annotated games. (Page 1 of my  "Annotated Games"  on my GC website.) 

   Take a look at  some of the annotated games ... on the main page of my "Down-Loads"  website.  

   Visit  my big  "Angel-Fire"  website, and take a look at a few of the  annotated games  that are there.


I worked on  annotating  this game for an extremely long time ... it is 
literally a period of years ... if you count all the different times (versions)  
I have annotated this game ... and then had to go back and re-do it. 

The formatting (then) took ... (a very long time).  

  (But because I only did the formatting a little at a time, it was spread 
   out over a period of many months!!! Hey, its a very long page!)   

  (Since FIRST starting this project, {I mean building the web page, I had 
   been annotating this game for like 2-3 years prior to even trying to put   
   a page on my site.};   ...  around the Fall of 2003, many things have 
   happened to me. A computer crash, a virus attack, all three of my daughters  
   have had birthdays, a friend who passed away suddenly, and now in    
   September of 2004, Hurricane Ivan! But I remain committed to finishing   
   this game. My daughter Ailene helped me design the background for this 
   web page.  Seemingly every day for the last 3-4 months,  she has asked   
   me,   ... ... ...   "Daddy, have you worked on our game today?")  

    (Written)  Saturday;  September 25th, 2004.  


   This page was first posted on the Internet in May or June of 2004 ...    
  although I was NOT yet ready for the public to view this game.  
  (No links - to this page - were posted yet.)  

  Final  posting on:  Friday;  November 05th, 2004.    (Contact me ... about this analysis.)   

   This (web) page was actually created in (mid)  April, 2004.   This page was last updated on  05/30/13 

  Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby I 

  Copyright () A.J. Goldsby,  and  A.J.'s Enterprises, Inc.   

  Copyright () A.J. Goldsby, 2013.  All rights reserved.  

 (This game was previewed by about 11 people.)